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Comparatia regulata a adjectivelor in engleza

Comparatia adjectivelor in engleza arata gradarea unei calitati, a unei caracteristici, in ce masura un adjectiv isi modifica substantivul determinat.

Exista 3 grade de comparatie in engleza:

  1. pozitivul (forma initiala a adjectivului): big (mare), dark (intunecat), cheap (ieftin)
  2. comparativul (se adauga terminatia “er”): bigger (mai mare), darker (mai intunecat), cheaper (mai ieftin)
  3. superlativul (se adauga terminatia “est”): the biggest (cel mai mare), the darkest (cel mai intunecat), the cheapest (cel mai ieftin)

Formele comparative in engleza:

  • adjectivele monosilabice formeaza comparativul prin terminatiile “er” si “est”:

late (tarziu) – later (mai tarziu) – latest (cel mai tarziu)  ;  nice (dragut) – nicer (mai dragut) – nicest (cel mai dragut)

  • adjectivele din 2 silabe ce se termina in “i”, “er”, ow” si “le” formeaza comparativul prin “er” si “est”:

happy (vesel) – happier (mai vesel) – happiest (cel mai vesel)  ;  clever (siret) – cleverer (mai siret) – cleverest (cel mai siret)

narrow (stramt) – narrower (mai stramt) – narrowest (cel mai stramt)  ;  simple (simplu) – simpler (mai simplu) – simplest (cel mai simplu)

  • toate celelalte adjective formeaza comparativul plasand “more” si “most” inaintea lor:

careful (grijuliu) – more careful (mai grijuliu) – most careful (cel mai grijuliu)  ;  tired (obosit) – more tired (mai obosit) – most tired (cel mai obosit)

 

Exemple in care apare comparatia regulata a adjectivelor in engleza

I can join you later in the pub. (Pot sa vin si eu mai tarziu in bar. – comparativ)

This is the happiest day of my life. (Asta este cea mai fericita zi din viata mea. – superlativ)

Even if you had searched, you wouldn’t have found a narrower road. (Nici daca cautai, tot nu gaseai un drum mai ingust.)

My colleague is the most tired person I have ever seen; she complains every day. (Colega mea e cea mai obosita persoana pe care am vazut-o vreodata;            se plange in fiecare zi.)

 Comparatia regulata a adjectivelor in engleza: articol gratis si online de limba engleza prezentat de catre www.in-engleza.ro

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