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Conditionalul in engleza

Conditia” inseamna “situatie sau circumstanta”; daca o anumita conditie/situatie/circumstanta este adevarata sau are loc, atunci aceasta are un anumit rezultat.

Conditionalul in engleza, in principal, are trei tipuri:

  1. conditie posibil de realizat; 50% sanse de realizare; timpul viitor:
If he calls, I’ll go over to his place. (Daca suna, ma voi duce acasa la el.)

2.  conditie care in teorie este posibil de realizat; 10% sanse de realizare; timpul viitor:

If I see a bear, I’ll climb a tree. (Daca vad un urs, ma voi urca in copac.)

3.  conditie imposibil de realizat (prea tarziu); 0% sanse de realizare; timpul trecut:

If I had had the money, I would have gone in that trip. (Daca as fi avut banii necesari, as fi mers in excursia aceea.)

*Exista si conditionalul zero, cu 100% sanse de realizare si care poate acoperi orice sfera temporala:

If you put some water in the freezer, it turns into ice. (Daca pui niste apa in congelator, se va transforma in gheata.)

Conditionalul in engleza prezinta urmatoarele forme:

  1. “If” clause: simple present   –   propozitia principala: future with “will”/ modal verb+infinitive
If I work hard, then I’ll be able to buy what I want. (Daca muncesc din greu, atunci voi putea sa-mi cumpar ce-mi doresc.)
 
If you do your homework, I’ll give something tasty. (Daca iti faci tema, iti voi da ceva gustos.)
 
         2. “If” clause: simple past   –   propozitia principala: would + infinitive
 
 
If you finished, then you can hand over the paper. (Daca ai terminat, atunci poti sa predai lucrarea.)
 
If you passed on the news, I would never speak to you again. (Daca ati spune mai departe vestea, n-as mai vorbi cu voi vreodata.)
 
         3. “If” clause: past perfect   –   propozitia principala: would + have + past participle
 

If we had run into him, we would have told him where you are. (Daca ne-am fi intalnit cu el, atunci  i-am fi spus unde esti.)

If I had seen it happening, I would have confirmed it to you. (Daca as fi vazut ca s-a intamplat, ti-as fi confirmat acest fapt.)

 

Nu toate conditionalele in engleza incep cu “If”; ele pot incepe si cu propozitia principala:

  1. He will forget her, if he goes away for a while. (El o va uita, daca pleaca pentru o vreme.)
  2. She would help him gladly, if he were to ask for help. (Ea l-ar ajuta cu drag, daca el ar cere ajutor.)
  3. They would have bought the house, if the price had been lower. (Ei ar fi cumparat casa, daca pretul ar fi fost mai mic.)

 Conditionalul in engleza: articol gratis si online de limba engleza prezentat de catre www.in-engleza.ro

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