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Conjunctia in engleza

Simplu spus, conjunctia (in engleza sau in romana) este un cuvant care “leaga”, care uneste doua sau mai multe parti de vorbire sau propozitii.
Ca forma, conjunctia in engleza (dar si in romana) este:

  • exprimata printr-un cuvant: si (and), dar (but), pentru ca/deoarece (because), desi/chiar daca (although)
  • compusa: cu conditia sa (provided that), atata timp cat (as long as), in order that (ca sa), chiar daca (even if)
  • incadreaza un adjectiv sau un adverb: astfel incat/ca (so…that)

Dupa functia pe care o indeplinesc, conjuctiile in engleza (dar si in romana) sunt:

  1. coordinatoare – pentru a uni doua parti de vorbire care sunt gramatical egale sau doua propozitii principale:

Stephen and Callie are going to the party. (Stephen si Callie se duc la petrecere.)
The weather was fine, but I didn’t feel like going out. (Vremea era frumoasa, dar n-aveam chef sa ies.)

Exemple de conjunctii coordinatoare in engleza : and, but, or, yet, for, nor, so

AND – sugereaza o secventa cronologica sau ca a doua propozitie este rezultatul primei:
I rang the doorbell and waited for an answer. (Am sunat la sonerie si am asteptat un raspuns.)
She asked me for my advice and I gave it to her. (Ea mi-a cerut sfatul si eu i l-am dat.)

BUT – contrastul in raport cu prima propozitie sau exceptia fata de un fapt din aceasta:
Hector doesn’t like comedies, but I adore them. (Lui Hector nu-i plac comediile, dar eu le ador.)
Everybody but him waited patiently in line. (Toata lumea cu exceptia lui astepta cuminte la rand.)

OR – arata ca doar o posibilitate poate fi realizata sau alternativa la o propunere:
You can stay at home or you can come with us.(Poti sa ramai acasa sau sa vii cu noi.)
For lunch, there is soup or mashed potatoes. (La pranz avem supa sau pireu de cartofi.)

NORThe girl is neither beautiful nor intelligent. (Fata nu e nici frumoasa nici inteligenta.)

YETIt was pouring with rain, yet the spectators stayed. (Ploua cu galeata, dar spectatorii au ramas.)

FORHe read a lot, for he wanted to become a writer. (Citea mult, fiindca dorea sa devina scriitor.)

SO - He is afraid of the water, so it’s not surprising he only takes showers. (Ii este frica de apa, asa incat nu e surprinzator ca face numai dusuri.)

2. subordinatoare – subliniaza mai mult ideea din propozitia principala decat pe cea din a doua propozitie:

Exemple de conjunctii subordinatoare in engleza: desi (although/though), ca si cum (as if), pentru ca (because), chiar daca (even though), macar daca (if only), asa incat (so that), pana cand (till), doar daca (unless) etc.

Although I didn’t like him much, I went out with him. (Desi nu-l placeam prea mult, am iesit cu el la intalnire.)
He talked to me as if I owed him something. (A vorbit cu mine ca si cum ii datoram ceva.)
They didn’t spend a lot of time together because they were both busy. (Ei nu petreceau mult timp impreuna pentru ca erau amandoi ocupati.)
I gave her money, even though I knew she wouldn’t pay me back. (I-am dat bani desi stiam ca nu ii va inapoia.)
If only I had seen him, I would have known what he looked like. (Macar de l-as fi vazut, as fi stiut cum arata.)
The movie was boring so that we went home. (Filmul era plictisitor, asa incat am plecat acasa.)
I worked so hard till I fell asleep with my head on the table. (Am muncit asa mult incat am adormit cu capul pe masa.)
Unless he tells me so himself, I don’t believe it. (Doar daca nu-mi spune el cu gura lui, eu n-o s-o cred.)

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