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Diatezele verbului in engleza

Diatezele verbului in engleza sunt: diateza activa, diateza pasiva si diateza reflexiva.

Diateza Activa in engleza (a verbelor)

In cazul verbului la diateza activa, subiectul realizeaza actiunea exprimata de verb.

Exemple in care se foloseste diateza activa in engleza:

1. I am writing a poem every week.

Eu scriu o scrisoare in fiecare saptamana.

2. My friend cut the tree behind his house yesterday.

Prietenul meu a taiat copacul din spatele casei sale ieri.

3. Many people are watching the millions of stars in the sky every night.

Multi oameni privesc milioanele de stele de pe cer in fiecare seara.

4. Children are picking up flowers, to put them into bouquets for their mothers.

Copiii culeg flori, ca sa le aseze in buchete pentru mamele lor.

5.¬† My classmates are singing Shakira’s songs every day.

Colegii mei canta melodiile lui Shakira in fiecare zi.

6. Dad is mowing the lawn every Saturday.

Tata tunde gazonul in fiecare Sambata.

 

Diateza pasiva in engleza (a verbelor)

In cazul verbului la diateza pasiva, actiunea este realizata de complementul de agent.

 

Exemple in care se foloseste diateza pasiva in engleza:

1. A poem is being written by me every week.

O poezie este scrisa de mine in fiecare saptamana.

2. The tree behind my friend’s house was cut yesterday by him.

Copacul din spatele casei prietenului meu a fost taiat ieri de catre el.

3. The millions of stars in the sky are being watched every night by many people.

Milioanele de stele de pe cer sunt privite in fiecare seara de multi oameni.

4.Flowers are being picked up by children, and put into bouquets for their mothers.

Florile sunt culese de copii, si asezate in buchete pentru mamele lor.

5. Shakira’s songs are being sung by my classmates every day.

Melodiile Shakirei sunt cantate de colegii mei in fiecare zi.

6.The lawn is being mowed by dad every Saturday.

Gazonul este tuns de tata in fiecare sambata.

 

Diateza reflexiva a verbelor

In ce priveste diateza reflexiva in engleza, subiectul realizeaza si suporta actiunea. In engleza, sunt doar cateva verbe care se folosesc la diateza reflexiva, si anume:

to wash = a se spala

to shower = a isi face dus

to shave = a se rade

to hurry = a se grabi

to rest = a se odihni

to sit down = a se aseza

to kiss = a se saruta

Exemple in care se foloseste diateza reflexiva in engleza:

1. My kids always wash their hands after playing with their puppy.

Copiii mei intotdeauna se spala pe maini dupa ce se joaca cu catelul.

2. Men have to shave their beards at least once a week.

Barbatii trebuie sa isi rada barbile cel putin o data pe saptamana.

3. I use to shower every morning.

Obisnuiesc sa imi fac dus in fiecare dimineata.

4. Please hurry for dinner.

Te rog sa te grabesti la cina.

5. Students sit down as soon as the teacher enters the classroom.

Elevii se aseaza imediat ce profesorul intra in clasa.

6.Tom and his girlfriend are kissing in front of her house every evening.

Tom si prietena sa se saruta in fata casei in fiecare seara.

Diatezele verbului in engleza: articol gratis si online de limba engleza prezentat de catre www.in-engleza.ro

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