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Forma II de conditional in engleza

Ca si prima forma de conditional in engleza, a doua forma de conditional in engleza se refera la viitor, o situatie si rezultatul ei; diferenta este ca in primul conditional avem o probabilitate reala ca rezultatul sa aiba loc, pe cand in al doilea conditional nu exista o posibilitate reala pentru acel rezultat.

Forma:   IF + past simple (conditia) + WOULD si verbul de conjugat (rezultatul)

If I had that book, I would be able to write the paper for the literature course. (Daca as avea cartea aceea, as putea sa-mi scriu lucrarea pentru cursul de literatura.)

If we had our own studio apartment, we would have so much privacy. (Daca am avea propria noastra garsoniera, am avea atat de multa intimitate.)

If they wrote that letter, they would get in touch with the recipient. (Daca ar scrie scrisoarea aceea, ei ar intra in contact cu destinatarul.)

If I had a doll, I would give it to the little girl. (Daca as avea o papusa, i-as da-o fetitei.)

 

Dupa I/ he/ she/it folosim de obicei forma de subjonctiv “were“:

If I were her, I wouldn’t take all that nonsense from him. (Daca as fi in locul ei, n-as accepta toate prostiile din partea lui.)

If it were that simple, I would do it in a second. (Daca ar fi asa simplu, as face-o intr-o secunda.)

 

Expresia “If I were you” este folosita pentru a oferi sfaturi:

If I were you, I’d give him the sack. (Daca as fi in locul tau, l-as concedia.)

If I were you in that position, I wouldn’t think twice. (Daca as fi in locul tau in acea situatie, nu m-as mai gandi de doua ori.)

 

A doua forma de conditional este deseori folosita pentru a vorbi despre situatii cu putine sanse de realizare:

If we were in India, we would ride elephants. (Daca am fi in India, am merge pe elefanti.)

If I bought a lottery ticket, I would have a chance at winning. (Daca as cumpara un bilet la loto, as avea o sansa de castig.)

 

Propozitia cu “If” poate contine atat past simple cat si past continuous:

If I was still taking care of the cat, I would buy some cat food. (Daca as mai fi avand inca grija de pisica, as cumpara niste mancare de pisici.)

If they were hinting something, I would know. (Daca ei ar bate apropouri, mi-as da seama.)

 

Propozitia principala poate contine “would”, “could” sau “might”:

If I wore those jeans, people would laugh at me. (Daca as purta blugii aceia, lumea ar rade de mine.)

If it were possible, I could do it all over again. (Daca ar fi posibil, as face-o din nou de la inceput.)

If I were there, I might make a scandal, so I’d better stay away. (Daca as fi acolo, s-ar putea sa provoc un scandal, asa ca mai bine stau departe.)

 

Uneori, conditionalul este mai degraba subinteles decat explicit:

She wouldn’t accept the offer. (if I proposed it to her.) – Nu ar accepta oferta (daca i-as propune-o.)

What would happen at this point? (if I said yes.) – Ce s-ar intampla? (daca as zice da.)

 

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