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Numeralul cardinal in engleza

Numeralul cardinal in engleza (ca si in limba romana de altfel) exprima un numar, o cifra, deseori insotind un substantiv.

1 – one                                           11 – eleven

21 – twenty-one                         40 – fourty

2 – two                                            12 – twelve

22 – twenty-two                          50 – fifty

3 – three                                          13 – thirteen  

23 – twenty-three                      60 – sixty

4 – four                                            14 – fourteen     

24 – twenty-four                         70 – seventy

5 – five                                             15 – fifteen

25 – twenty-five                          80 – eighty

6 – six                                               16 – sixteen

26 – twenty-six                            90 – ninety

7 – seven                                         17 – seventeen 

27 – twenty-seven                     100 – one hundred

8 – eight                                          18 – eighteen

28 – twenty-eight                       1000 – one thousand

9 – nine                                            19 – nineteen  

29 – twenty-nine

10 – ten                                            20 – twenty  

30 – thirty  

1000 000 – one million           1000 000 000 – one billion

 

De retinut:  Se utilizeaza forma de singular pentru sute, mii, milioane, miliarde.

Ex: two hundred – doua mii, five thousand – cinci mii

Se foloseste pluralul hundreds of ... , thousands of …, millions of …, doar in sensul de sute de…, mii de…, milioane de…!

 

Numerele intermediare se formeaza ca si in exemplele de mai jos, numeralele cardinale ce exprima sute, mii, sau milioane fiind legate de zeci si unitati prin and:

102 – one hundred and two

254 – two hundred and fifty-four

1025 – one thousand and twenty-five

4789 – four thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine

6 329 811 – six million three hundred twenty-nine thousand eight hundred and eleven

 

Exemple in care apare numeralul cardinal in engleza:

1. I will be thirty years-old this year.

Anul acesta voi avea treizeci de ani.

2. She managed to read twelve pages in just seven minutes.

Ea a reusit sa citeasca douasprezece pagini in doar sapte minute.

3. One hundred and fourty-three years ago a war burst in our country.

Acum o suta patruzeci si trei de ani in tara noastra a izbucnit un razboi.

4. There are two thousand six hundred and eighty-five students in this school.

Sunt doua mii sase sute optzeci si cinci de elevi in aceasta scoala.

5. This convict was imprisoned for having stole one million one hundred fifty thousand lei.

Acest puscarias a fost inchis pentru ca a furat un milion o suta cincizeci de mii de lei.

6. The turnover of this company is around six billion lei.

Cifra de afaceri a acestei companii este in jur de sase miliarde de lei.

Numeralul cardinal in engleza: articol gratis de gramatica limbii engleze prezentat de catre www.in-engleza.ro

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