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Persian Empire – filmulet in engleza

Persian Empire – filmulet in engleza

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Textul in engleza

As Pasargadae was being built, Cyrus added to his dominion one enemy kingdom after another. But Cyrus was a very different kind of king. He refused to enslave his new subjects, a revolutionary concept in the ancient world. “He recognized the local ??? (cuvant neclar) of different religions and beliefs and allowed those things to persist”.

“In 539 Cyrus conquered Babylon, but he did not present himself as a conqueror, he presented himself as a liberator, rescuing these people from their despotic rulers. And then he did a totally unprecedented thing: he freed the Jews. The Jews had been living inBabylonin captivity ever since Nabuchadnazzar destroyedJerusalemand their temple, and Cyrus freed them.

Now it could be seen in high sight or political history that Cyrus was looking for a buffer-state between a hostile Egypt and his own empire. But so what? The point is that no one had ever done anything like this and hardly anyone has ever done anything like this since. Subsequently, he’s the only gentile in the Bible to be referred to as a ‘Shiach’, or ‘Messiah’”.

“As one distinguished Oxford scholar once said to me, Cyrus always had a very good press – it’s a very true statement”.

Before he could launch the campaign that would make the Persian the loan superpower of the ancient world … Cyrus the Great died in battle in 530 BC.

“He didn’t live long enough to show what really he could have done outside the battlefield. So in that sense you compare him with Julius Caesar, who conquered, but did not live long enough – he was fascinated – to put the Empire that he conquered together.”

By the time Cyrus died, the Persian Empire had three capitals: Babylon, Susa and Ecbatana. But he chose to be buried in the city he created: Pasargadae, in the tomb that mirrored the man who built it.

“At Cyrus’ tomb, one of the aspects that shows his humility is that tomb is relatively unadorned; it’s very simple, very elegant”.

Cyrus’ engineers built the tomb in the form of simple but heavy stone western structures. They began by laying large rectangular cut stones and used cramps, pulleys and clamps to bring the tomb to its height of thirty-six feet.

 

 

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