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Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present Perfect Continuous in engleza se formeaza astfel:

subiect + verbul auxiliar “a avea” (have) + verbul auxiliar “a fi” (been) + gerunziul verbului

I have been reading (forma contractata: I’ve been reading)

you have been reading (you’ve been reading)

he/she/it has been reading (he’s been reading)

we have been reading (we’ve been reading)

you have been reading (you’ve been reading)

they have been reading (they’ve been reading)

Forma negativa: I have not been reading (I haven’t been reading)

Forma interogativa: Have I been reading?  ;  Haven’t I been reading?

 

Acest timp se foloseste atunci cand vorbim despre o actiune care:

  • a inceput in trecut si tocmai s-a terminat:

They’ve come back from the gym now; but they have been working out really hard, so I don’t know how much they’ll feel like talking. (S-au intors de la sala; dar s-au antrenat din greu si nu stiu cat chef vor avea sa vorbeasca.)

She has been chatting to him on the Internet, but she’s left the room now. (Ea vorbea cu el pe internet, dar a iesit in camera acum.)

  • a inceput in trecut, continua in prezent si va mai dura si in viitor:

You have been sculpting for three hours now. (Sculptezi de trei ore deja.)

We have been studying all afternoon and it doesn’t look like we’re going to end soon. (Noi am invatat toata dupa-amiaza si se pare ca nu vom termina prea curand.)

  • o actiune sau o activitate generala in progres la momentul vorbirii:

I have been thinking about taking a new hobby. (Ma gandesc sa ma apuc de un nou hobby.)

Mom has been cooking more vegetarian lately. (Mama a gatit mai vegetarian in ultima vreme.)

Diferenta intre Present Perfect Continuous si Present Perfect este uneori foarte mica, iar intelesurile lor se suprapun de multe ori. Totusi, diferenta esentiala este ca Present Perfect exprima, de cele mai multe ori, o actiune terminata de curand si rezultatul ei, pe cand Present Perfect Continuous se refera la o actiune continua care fie s-a terminat de curand, fie are loc si la momentul vorbirii.

You have attended these classes for a year. (Ai urmat aceste cursuri un an. – cursurile s-au terminat dupa un an)

You have been attending  these classes for a year. (Urmezi aceste cursuri de un an. – cursurile continua inca, dupa un an)

 

 

 

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