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Pronumele reflexiv si de intarire in engleza

Pronumele reflexiv si de intarire in engleza:

- aceste tipuri de pronume se folosesc in propozitii in care referirea la subiect se face de doua ori . A doua oara se foloseste acest pronume reflexiv si/sau de intarire.

- formele pronumelui reflexiv/  de  intarire sunt:

myself (eu insumi, eu insami)

yourself (tu insuti, tu insati)

himself (el insusi)

herself (ea insasi)

itself (el insusi, ea insasi/neutru)

ourselves (noi insine)

yourselves (voi insiva)

themselves (ei insisi, ele insele)

Exemple in care se va folosi pronumele reflexiv si de intarire in engleza:

I did it  myself = Am facut-o eu singur.

He looks at  himself  in the mirror = El se uita in oglinda.

Pronumele reflexiv si de intarire in engleza se foloseste de regula in 3 cazuri:

a) – Cand subiectul si obiectul asupra caruia se rasfrange actiunea e acelasi.(I hurt myself)

b)-  Cand se doreste intarirea faptului ca un anume subiect a facut actiunea si nu altul (he did it by himself ).

c) –  Se foloseste o prepozitie in fata unui pronume care face referire la subiect (I am talking to myself ).

Pronumele reflexiv in engleza poate fi:

a.) obiect direct: he shaves himself every day.

b.) obiect indirect: you have made yourself a great gift.

c.) parte a predicatului  a vb. to be: oh, it’s better, you are yourself again!

Pronumele reflexiv in engleza este folosit :

- cu verbe reflexive obligatorii : absent oneself form, avail oneself form, betake  oneself, pride oneself on.

Ex.: I pride myself on cooking good.

- cu verbe reflexive optionale : adjust(oneself), dress(oneself), prove(oneself),etc.

Ex.: I hope you will behave(yourself).

- cu verbe non-reflexive:

Ex.: I am dressing myself, as opossed to I am dressing my little sister.

- cu inteles reciproc:

Ex.: We have argued among ourselves .

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