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Simple Future Tense

Simple Future Tense (Viitorul simplu in engleza) se formeaza astfel:

subiect + verbul auxiliar “will” + verbul de conjugat

I will call (forma contractata: I’ll call)

you will call (you’ll call)

he/she/it will call (he’ll call)

we will call (we’ll call)

you will call (you’ll call)

they will call (they’ll call)

Forma negativa: I will not call (forma contractata: I won’t call)

Forma interogativa: Will I call?  ;  Won’t I call?

 

Pe acest timp il folosim in engleza atunci cand:

  • exprimam o actiune ce va avea loc in viitor (deseori cu adverbe de timp - tomorrow, today, later today, in five minutes, in two hours, on Monday, on Saturday afternoon, next week/month, this year etc.)

They will go on a vacation. (Ei for pleca in concediu.)

You will settle for something smaller in the end. (Te vei multumi cu ceva mai mic intr-un sfarsit.)

*”Will” este folosit cu precadere intr-un stil formal, de obicei in scris; “going to” este folosit cand vorbim de actiuni viitoare planificate sau intentii puternice:

I’m going to show him what he’s loosing! (Ii voi arata eu lui ce pierde!)

I’m going to meet him at the party tonight. (Il voi intalni la petrecere diseara.)

  • intentii spontane, voluntare (decizia este luata la momentul vorbirii):

Here, I’ll take this for you! (Iau eu asta pentru tine!)

Somebody’s at the door! I’ll go open. (E cineva la usa! Ma duc sa deschid.)

  • pentru predictii:

I believe he will come around eventually and do as you say. (Cred ca se va decide intr-un final si va face cum zici tu.)

Tomorrow it will be sunny and hot. (Maine va fi insorit si foarte cald.)

* Pentru predictii se bazeaza pe dovezi concrete in prezent, folosim “going to“:

Look at his face – he’s going to cry. (Uita-te la fata lui – o sa planga.)

  • pentru promisiuni sau amenintari:

I will buy you that bike, I promise. (Iti voi cumpara acea bicicleta, promit.)

I’ll break your neck if I find out you cheated on me! (Iti rup gatul daca aflu ca m-ai inselat!)

  • cu expresii ca “probably, possibly, perhaps,(I’m) sure, (I) expect“:

I’m sure he‘ll ask you out on a date. (Sunt sigur ca te va invita la o intalnire.)

I’ll possibly run into her at the conference. (S-ar putea sa ma intalnesc cu ea la conferinta.)

  • pentru a exprima consecinte (cu if, when, provided, unless, as, as soon as, as long as etc.)

Unless you come in the next ten minutes, I’ll leave. (Daca nu vii in urmatoarele zece minute, voi pleca.)

As soon as they’re coming over, I’ll fix them up some cocktails. (De indata ce vor vin, le voi pregati niste cocktail-uri.)

  • cand verbul de conjugat este “be“, chiar daca vorbim de planuri:

I‘ll be there in a few minutes. (Sunt acolo in cateva minute.)

I’ll see you the day after tomorrow. (Ne vedem poimaine.)

 

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