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Simple Past Tense

Trecutul simplu (Simple Past in engleza) este, de fapt, a doua forma a verbului:

- pentru verbele regulate: adaugand “-ed”

to suspend (a suspenda) – suspended ( a suspendat) ; to finish ( a termina) – finished ( a terminat)

- pentru verbele neregulate: au propria lor forma

to go ( a merge) – went (a mers) ; to see ( a vedea) – saw (a cantat) ; to sing ( a canta) – sang (a cantat)

Forma negativa:  I didn’t suspend/finish/go/see/sing

Forma interogativa: Did I suspend/finish/go/see/sing? ; Didn’t I suspend/finish/go/see/sing?

 

Se foloseste cand vorbim de o actiune:

  • care s-a intamplat in trecut (deseori insotit de adverbe de timp precum yesterdaythe other daylast nightlast weekthree days agoa few minutes agoin (year), from (year) to (year):

Last night, I watched the late show on TV and I went to sleep. (M-am uitat la emisiunea tarzie de la tv si m-am culcat.)

I saw her three days ago, she was having lunch in a restaurant. (Am vazut-o acum trei zile, lua pranzul intr-un restaurant.)

  • trecuta, repetitiva (aici se poate folosi si “used to”):

We played tennis often. (Jucam deseori tenis.) / We used to play tennis often. (Obisnuiam sa jucam tenis des.)

You cleaned the place every other week. (Voi obisnuiati sa curatati locul o data la doua saptamani.)

  • intr-o povestire, pentru o insiruire de actiuni:

We had a full day: we went shopping, then we took a bath and prepared for the party. (Am avut o zi plina: ne-am dus la cumparaturi, apoi am facut o baie si ne-am pregatit pentru petrecere.)

It all took place on a winter day. (Totul s-a intamplat intr-o zi de iarna.)

  • evenimente istorice sau foarte indepartate pentru vorbitor:

The Roman empire fell in the fifth century AD. (Imperiul roman a cazut in secolul cinci dupa Hristos.)

Greeks blended their culture with the one of the Romans. (Grecii si-au amestecat cultura cu cea a romanilor.)

  • pentru a raporta actiunea unei alte persoane:

The lawyer said we didn’t have any chance of winning the trial. (Avocatul a spus ca nu aveam nicio sansa sa castigam procesul.)

My father told me to do what I want in life. (Tatal meu mi-a spus ce fac ce vreau in viata.)

  • o actiune trecuta ce a avut loc in mijlocul unei alte actiuni:

I was flipping channels when my brother came in. (Cautam printre canale cand a intrat fratele meu.)

She was cooking dinner when her husband called from work. (Ea gatea cina cand a sunat sotul ei de la serviciu.)

 

Daca un verb se termina intr-o consoana si este urmat de “y”, atunci trecutul simplu devine:

to study – studied ; to try – tried ; to cry – cried

Daca un verb dintr-o singura silaba se termina in consoana+vocala+consoana, atunci consoana se dubleaza:

to stop – stopped ; to rob – robbed ; to plan – planned

 

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