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Simple Present Continuous Tense

Prezentul Continuu in engleza se formeaza astfel:

subiect + verbul auxiliar “a fi” (be) + gerunziul verbului (forma cu “-ing”)

I am speaking (forma contractata: I’m speaking)

you are speaking (you’re speaking)

he/she/it is speaking (he’s/she’s/it’s speaking)

we are speaking (we’re speaking)

you are speaking (you’re speaking)

they are speaking (they’re speaking)

Forma la negativ: I am not speaking (forma contractata: I’m not speaking) ; he is not going (he’s not going)

Forma la interogativ: Am I speaking? ; Is he going?

 

Prezentul Continuu in engleza se foloseste cand:

  • ne referim la o actiune ce are loc la momentul vorbirii:
I’m washing right now. (Tocmai ma spal.)
He is busy at the moment. (Este ocupat acum.)
  • ceva ce se intampla in prezent, dar nu chiar in momentul vorbirii:
I’m taking a course in photography. (Urmez un curs de fotografie.)
She’s majoring in History. (Se specializeaza in istorie.)
  • ne referim la o actiune temporara ce are loc pentru o perioada limitata de timp:
We’re staying in Florence this week. (Stam in Florenta saptamana asta.)
I’m preparing dinner this afternoon. (Pregatesc cina dup-amiaza asta.)
  • ne referim la trenduri curente:
Prices are rising contantly nowadays. (Preturile cresc in continuu zilele astea.)
Women nowadays are getting married in their ’30s. (In zilele noastre, femeile se casatoresc pe la 30 de ani.)
  • este vorba despre actiuni repetate ce il enerveaza pe vorbitor:
You are always eating with your mouth open. (Mananci mereu cu gura deschisa.)
They are constantly making a lot of noise. (Ei fac tot timpul mult zgomot.)
  • ne referim uneori la planuri din viitorul apropiat:
I’m leaving for Bucharest at 6 in the morning. (Plec la Bucuresti la 6 dimineata.)
We’re meeting for dinner in an hour. (Luam cina impreuna intr-o ora.)
Unele verbe dubleaza consoana finala la prezentul continuu:
I’m stopping for a coffee on the way. (Ma opresc pe drum pentru o cafea.)
I’m beginning to wonder if you really care about me. (Incep sa ma intreb daca tii cu adevarat la mine.)
Verbele care se termina in “-ie”, formeaza prezentul continuu in “y”:
I’m dying for a cigarette right now! (Mor dupa o tigara acum!)
He’s lying, don’t believe him! (Minte, nu-l crede!)
Cand un verb se termina in vocala + consoana + “e”, atunci “e”-ul se elideaza:
come:   I’m coming home for the week-end. (Vin acasa in weekend.)
mistake:    Maybe you’re mistaking me for someone else. (Poate ma confunzi cu altcineva.)
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