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Verbul modal SHALL

Verbul modal “SHALL” este folosit cu precadere in limba engleza britanica si are mai multe intelesuri:

 

1. o actiune viitoare (future action):

Jamie shall be named vice-president next week. (Jamie va fi numit vice-presedinte saptamana viitoare.)

I shall ring you as soon as possible. (Te voi suna cat de curand.)

* In acest caz se poate folosi si “will”:

Jamie will be named vice-president next week.

I will ring you as soon as possible.

2.  o sugestie (suggestion):

Shall we begin organizing? (Sa ne apucam sa ne organizam?)

Shall I start the fire? (Sa aprind focul?)

* In acest caz se poate folosi si “should”:

Should we begin organizing? 

Should I start the fire? 

3.  o oferta, o promisiune (volunteering, promising):

I shall give you a ride, what do you say? (Hai ca te duc cu masina, ce zici?)

I shall do that for you, just sit back and relax. (Ma ocup eu de asta in locul tau, stai linistit si relaxeaza-te.)

* In acest caz se poate folosi si “will”:

will give you a ride, what do you say?

will do that for you, just sit back and relax. 

4. inevitabilitatea (inevitability):

Our people shall overcome the economic depression. (Poporul nostru va trece peste regresiunea economica.)

Mankind shall finish the Earth’s ressources. (Omenirea va termina resursele Pamantului.)

Opusul lui “shall” este “shall not“:     I shall not surrender. (Nu ma voi da batut.)

Verbul modal SHALL: articol gratis de gramatica limbii engleze prezentat de catre www.in-engleza.ro

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